Balet – baletnica – tancerz baletowy: badanie skojarzeń osób nietańczących


Maria Aleksandrovich
Jacek Kowalczyk


Ballet, classical dance, as an art and a profession tries to keep up with modernity, while maintaining its unique, classic style. In the public perception, however, ballet remains an enigmatic art. Ballet performers are themselves aware that their passion and stage image are particularly susceptible to stereotypes. The interest of the media and of scholarship causes dancers more and more often to debunk myths, modify the styles of practicing the art of ballet, and work on their own personality. All these things they do just to surprise the average audience, ballet lovers, journalists and scholars. From an academic point of view, the perspectives of those who do not dance are worthy of study as well. The aim of the present research was to identify the most common stereotypical associations with the words “ballet”, “ballerina”, “ballet master”. Fifty-five people (forty-nine women, six men) aged from 19 to 48 (average age 25.2) from Pomeranian University in Słupsk took part in the study.


Dane o pobraniach nie są jeszcze dostępne.


Jak cytować
Aleksandrovich, M., & Kowalczyk, J. (2020). Balet – baletnica – tancerz baletowy: badanie skojarzeń osób nietańczących. ARS INTER CULTURAS, (9), 353-372.


Aalten, Anna. “Listening to the Dancer's Body”. The Sociological Review 55 (2007): 109-125.
Aleksandrovich, Maria. „Balet: zdolności-sukces-osobowość”. Czasopismo Pedagogiczne 1-2 (2014): 382-402.
Anjos, Katia Silva Souza dos; Oliveria, Regia, Cristina; Velardi, Marilia. “A construcao do corpo ideal no bale classico: uma investigacao fenomenologica”. The Brazilian Journal of Physical Education and Sport 29(3) (2015): 439-452.
Bakker, Frank C. “Development of Personality in Dancers: a Longitudinal Study”. Personality and Individual Differences 12(7) (1991): 671-681.
Bartmiński, Jerzy. „Podstawy lingwistycznych badań nad stereotypem - na przykładzie stereotypu „matki”” W Stereotyp jako przedmiot lingwistyki. Teoria, metodologia, analizy empiryczne, red. Janusz Anusiewicz, Jerzy Bartmiński, T. 12, (Wrocław: Język a Kultura, 1998)x, s. 63-83.
Clabaugh, Alison; Morling, Beth. “Stereotype Accuracy of Ballet and Modern Dancers”. The Journal of social psychology, 144 (2004): 31-48.
Copeland, Misty. Balerina. Życie w tańcu. Warszawa: Wielka Litera, 2015.
DeFrank-Cole, Lisa; Nicholson, Renee. “The slow-changing face of leadership in ballet: an interdisciplinary approach to analysing women's roles”. Leadership and the Humanities 4 (2016): 73-91.
Del Ponte de Assis, Marilia; Marques, Danieli Alves Pereira; Roble, Odilon Jose; Do Carmo Saraiva, Mari. “Feminities and masculinities in the contemporary scene: analysis of the spectacle Caminho da Sedam by Sao Paulo’s Raca Dance Company”. Movimento 21(1) (2015): 449-461.
Fisher, Jennifer. “Make It Maverick: Rethinking the “Make It Macho” Strategy for Men in Ballet”. Dance Chronicle 30 (2007): 45-66.
Fisher, Jennifer; Shay, Anthony. When Men Dance: Choreographing Masculinities Across Borders. USA: OUP, 2009.
Haltom, Trenton; Worthen, Meredith. Male Ballet Dancers and Their Performances of Heteromasculinity. Journal of College Student Development 55 (2014): 757-778.
Hamilton, Linda; Robson, Bonnie. “Performing Arts Consultation: Developing Expertise in This Domain”. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 37 (2006): 254-259.
Koutedakis, Yiannis; Jamurtas, Thanasis. “The dancer as a performing athlete: Physiological considerations”. Sports medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) 34 (2004): 651-661.
Lehikoinen, Kai. Stepping Queerly? Discourses in Dance Education for Boys in Late 20th-Century Finland. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2006.
Łukaszewski, Wiesław; Weigl, Barbara. „Stereotyp stereotypu czy prywatna koncepcja natury ludzkiej” W Stereotypy i uprzedzenia z perspektywy interdyscyplinarnej, red. Mirosława Kofta, Aleksandra Jasińska-Kania (Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar, 2001): 44-66‬‬.
Markiewicz, Alicja, Twórcze wykorzystanie stereotypu a językowa wizja świata,, z dnia 14.10.2020 r.
Mazo, Joseph. Prime movers (2nd ed.). Hightstown, NJ: Price Book Company, 2000.
Mennesson, Christine. “Being a man in dance: Socialization modes and gender identities”. Sport in Society, 12 (2009): 174-195.
Migdalek, Jack. The Embodied Performance of Gender (Vol. 43). London: Routledge, 2015.
Ravaldi, Claudia; Vannacci, Alfredo; Bolognesi, Enrica; Mancini, Stefania; Faravelli, Carlo; Ricca, Valdo. “Gender role, eating disorder symptoms, and body image concern in ballet dancers”. Journal of psychosomatic research 61 (2006): 529-535.
Risner, Doug. “Bullying victimisation and social support of adolescent male dance students: an analysis of findings”. Research in Dance Education 15(2) (2014): 179-182.
Putnam, Hilary. Wiele twarzy realizmu i inne eseje, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 1998.
Schluger, Alice E. (2010). “Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in female college dance students: Comparison of modern dance and ballet dance majors”. North American Journal of Psychology 12 (2010): 117-128.
Sławecka, Monika. Balet, który niszczy. Traumatyczne historie ze szkół baletowych. Bielska-Biała: Wydawnictwo Pascal, 2019.
Twitchett, Emily; Angioi, Manuela; Koutedakis, Yiannis; Wyon, Matthew. “The demands of a working day among female professional ballet dancers”. Journal of dance medicine & science: official publication of the International Association for Dance Medicine & Science 14 (2010): 127-32.
Weigl, Barbara. „Stereotypy i uprzedzenia” W Psychologia. Podręcznik akademicki, red. Jan Strelau. T.3, (Gdańsk: GWP, 2000): 205-224.
Wojciszke, Bogdan. Procesy oceniania ludzi. Poznań: Wydawnictwo Nakom, 1991
Wollz, Larissa; Cerqueira, Julianna; Müller, Rita. “The little baby class ballerinas: a discussion about gender through ballet”. Demetra 11(3) (2016): 745-762.

Strony internetowe, z dnia 02.08.2020 r.,z dnia 22.08.2020 r., z dnia 22.08.2020 r., z dnia 22.08.2020 r., z dnia 22.08.2020 r., z dnia 22.08.2020 r., z dnia 22.08.2020 r., z dnia 10.09.2020 r., z dnia 11.09.2020 r.