Creative Methods for Developing Creativity Successful Cooperation of Formal and Non-Formal Education in Music Teacher Training




The Institute of Arts Communication and Music of Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) began its 35th year of education in September 2019. Our Institute qualifies classroom music teachers (among others) who will be able to ensure the possibility for their pupils to access the right of learning and performing music.

A classroom music teacher should be familiar with the formal and informal education within the school and in out-of-school programs as well. This special task requires a high level of creativity and the ability to improvise on one hand and strictly professional knowledge on the other, not only in the field of music but in the organization and moderation of different groups of youngsters. Therefore, we want to instruct students in such teaching methods that foster their capacity for creativity. Besides, we also know that a music teacher must be creative amidst the problems and challenges of today’s world either from a socio-cultural or simply an educational point of view. For this reason, we always seek professional partners who can develop our training programs.

This short study introduces two good-working examples of formal and informal cooperation, where the partners of the Institute of Arts Communication and Music are professional experts in their field of education.

  • The ‘Psalmus Humanus Project’ is a special, integrated educational form. The members of the organization called the Psalmus Humanus Association for Arts Education are music and art teachers who can cover the field of education from kindergarten to university, so they can give lectures in various arts workshops for children to provide an opportunity – regardless of their cultural or social environment, or their health – to participate in a pleasurable artistic activity.

  • The ‘Kovács Method’ is the care of the capacity for musical work: special gymnastic exercises mainly for musicians to maintain and develop the physical, spiritual, and mental abilities necessary to carry on a successful life and career, and to prevent occupational impairments. The trainers are professionals both as music teachers and as instructors of this special method.


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BODNÁR, G. (2020). Creative Methods for Developing Creativity Successful Cooperation of Formal and Non-Formal Education in Music Teacher Training. ARS INTER CULTURAS, (9), 187-194.


Works cited
Bodnár, Gábor. “Path to creativity and free self-expression for all the layers of society: The Psalmus Integrated Arts Education Program”. In » New landscapes in science and art «. In focus: Visual Culture. Proceeding Book, edited by Andrea Kárpáti, 70. Budapest: Eötvös Loránd University, Faculty of Science, 2017.
Bodnár, Gábor. “Postgraduate program » Talent Care in the Spirit of Kodály « and the principles of teacher training at the Music Department of the ELTE University.” In Methodical Days 2013. Competences of Preschool Teachers in Knowledge Society, edited by Tamara Grujić, 63–67. Kikinda: Preschool Teachers’ Training College in Kikinda, 2014.
Bodnár, Gábor. “Thirty years in school music teacher training among different circumstances. Life and work at the Music Department of Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), Budapest”. In Music Education in Continuity and Breakthrough: Historical Prospects and Current References in a European Context, edited by Jarosław Chaciński, Friedhelm Brusniak, 141–151. Słupsk: Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku, 2016.
Pásztor, Zsuzsa. “Felmérés a zenei foglalkozási ártalmakról” [A survey of occupational injuries in music], Parlando 49 (2007): 21–30.
Udvari, Katalin. “» Tehetséggondozás Kodály szellemében «” [Talent care in the spirit of Kodály]. Parlando 3 (2017), accessed: